The Republic of Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures; from the Norte Chico civilisation in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilisation in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilisation, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilisation of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE.
13 September 2023
19 May 2024