Greenland is the biggest island in the world. It can be found 17 miles northeast of Canada's Ellesmere Island, nestled between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic. Greenland is a rugged, forbidding land that possesses a stark beauty. The majority of the island's interior lies beneath a vast ice cap that in some places is up to 9,800 feet (3,000 meters) thick. Over time, the weight of the ice has reshaped the island's interior into a concave, bowl-like basin which has sunk below sea level in several places. The white surface of this vast ice cap is permeated by the occasional peaks of mountains (nunataks in Greenlandic) pointing into the sky. Glaciers from this great mass of ice reach through mountain valleys and ravines extending to coastline fjords. At the drainage junctions, thousands of icebergs – many of which are colossal – are formed every year. The inhospitable interior of the island pushes the entire population of Greenland out to the coastlines. Predominantly, settlements are on the west and southwest coast, including in the capital city of Nuuk. Originally founded in 1721, this city is the island's oldest Danish settlement and by far the largest community in Greenland. It is home to about 14,000 of the nation's total population of 59,000.
Remarkable landscapes, exceptional wildlife, fjords loaded with icebergs, and colourful tundra are among the unique traits that make Greenland an unforgettable destination.